Belmont Primary School

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Personal, Social, Health Education



Personal, social, health education and citizenship aim to equip children with the knowledge, skills and understanding they need to develop personally and socially and to make positive choices as they grow and move into adult life and contribute to their communities and society.


In foundation stage, this area of learning is referred to as ‘Personal, social and emotional development’, and children:

  • Develop positive relationships with others through playing co-operatively, sharing and taking turns
  • Develop self-confidence and self-awareness in order to try new activities, talk about their ideas and organise their resources independently
  • Develop an understanding of a range of feelings and discuss these confidently
  • Consider the consequences of their words and actions on others and recognise the importance of good behaviour in a range of situations.


The key stage 1 and key stage 2 national framework for PSHE and citizenship have four sections:

  • Developing confidence and responsibility and making the most of their abilities
  • Preparing to play an active role as citizens
  • Developing a healthy, safer lifestyle
  • Developing good relationships and respecting the differences between people.


The framework includes themes such as making choices about the future, staying healthy and keeping safe, understanding the consequences of aggressive and antisocial behaviour such as bullying, and regard for the differences between people.

Personal, social and health education (PSHE) promotes pupils’ personal, social and emotional development, as well as their health and well-being. It helps to give children the knowledge and skills they need to lead confident, healthy and independent lives. It aims to help them understand how they are developing personally and socially, and tackles many of the moral, social and cultural issues that are part of growing up.


Personal, social and health education (PSHE) at key stage 1 is not statutory. At Belmont Primary School pupils in key stages 1 learn about:

  • Themselves as individuals and as members of their communities
  • The basic rules and skills for keeping healthy and safe
  • Their feelings, views, needs and rights. They learn to recognise those of others
  • Taking responsibility for themselves and their environments
  • Social skills such as sharing, taking turns, playing, helping others, resolving conflict, as well as recognising and resisting bullying.


Personal, social and health education (PSHE) at key stage 2 is not statutory. Pupils at key stage 2 learn about:

  • Themselves as growing and changing individuals with their own experiences and ideas, and as members of communities
  • Staying healthy and safe, managing risk
  • The wider world and the interdependence of communities within it
  • Social justice and moral responsibility
  • How their own choices and behaviour can affect local, national or global issues and political and social institutions
  • How to make more confident and informed choices about their health, behaviour and environment
  • Taking more responsibility, individually and as a group, for their own learning
  • Defining and resisting bullying.


We have a school council at Belmont, where pupils are elected to voice pupil issues and to help to develop solutions. Belmont Primary School has achieved the Healthy School Award through developing our curriculum and policies, for example, Food Policy, Drug Policy and Sex and Relationship Policy.